Pros And Cons Of Birth-Control Pills

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Each year, approximately 67.8 per 1,000 girls aged fifteen to nineteen become pregnant. Of those pregnancies, the majority -82 percent- are unintended (Planned Parenthood). Numbers such as these have lead to a the popular debate of whether or not birth-control pills should be available to teenage girls without a prescription. Many take the side that it should not be sold without a prescription due to potential risks that would be unknown to patients without an examination from a doctor. However, when compared to other medications that are available to teenagers without a prescription, -such as acetaminophen which can cause a deadly overdose- non-prescription birth-control pills would be safer to use and provide easier access for teenagers which …show more content…
The birth-control pill has become one of the best-studied medicines to be used by many today (Grossman 2015). Many public health advocates and doctors have vocalized that birth control is safe. So safe that patients can generally choose one that works well for them (Karlamangla 2016). It is known to be safer than having a baby, driving, smoking, or taking daily aspirin (“Should the…” 2012). In comparison with other prescription-only drugs, birth-control seems to have minimal risk to the patient. Unlike some prescribed medicine, such as oxycodon, birth-control pills are not known to be addictive (“Should the…” 2012). If it so happens that the patient may take too many, there is no need to worry about the risk of death as taking an abundance of birth-control pills does not cause a deadly overdose. It can, however, cause the patient to throw up (“Should the…” 2012). This cancels out any worries that might arise from parents and/or doctors on the harm birth-control pills could cause if one becomes addictive or takes too many. One may argue that vomit is a risk of taking a birth-control pill but vomit has become a natural reaction of the human body and could be easily fixed with a switch in the choice of pill. Ultimately, the birth-control pill has been announced as safe to use without a prescription from a …show more content…
It poses a substantial financial burden to society with an estimated $10.9 billion annually in lost tax revenues, public assistance, child health care, foster care, and involvement with the criminal justice system (Planned Parenthood). It is widely known the effects a pregnancy has on a teenager. In fact, teenagers who become pregnant are known to be less likely to finish high school. It is also known that children of teen parents are more likely to become a teen parent themselves. One solution to this problem is to increase the availability of contraception to teenagers. As a matter of fact, in recent years, teenage pregnancy and birth rates have declined in association with increased contraception use among sexually active teenagers (“Teenage Pregnancy…”). In a study it was found that teenagers who received free contraception were less likely to get pregnant, give birth or get an abortion (Williams 2014). Realistically, free contraception is a difficult to guarantee, however if teens were just presented with a way to access contraceptives -such as the birth-control pill- easier it could cause a decrease in teen pregnancy, birth and abortion rates as well. Restricting access to birth-control pills, is counterproductive to helping them avoid unintended pregnancies (Sonfield & Barot 2014). All in all, allowing teenage girls to access the birth-control pill will help increase the decline in teenage

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