Progression Of Anatomy Essay

1997 Words 8 Pages
James Alex Plunk
FHS Sickness and Healing
Cooper
The Progression of Anatomy
Anatomy is the study of the components that make up the human body. Throughout history, it has faced technological and social challenges that have hindered its growth and have resulted in various errors made by significant leaders in the world of medicine. The distinction between the eras of anatomical knowledge can be differentiated by the dominating theories of the times or their respective key medical figures. The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus serves as evidence for the birth of anatomy in Egypt around 1500 B.C. Assessment of the body was further developed through the dynasty of Greek culture and the human dissections found in Alexandria under Ptolemy Soter. From
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Despite the outlaw and taboo of human dissection, Hippocrates made advancements in anatomy through the analyzation of wounds on the human body and through dissection of animals. He applied the elemental theory of earlier Greek scientists to explain the form and functions of the body. Using this theory, he established the hypothesis of the four humours, which suggested that there were four fundamental fluids found in the body. The balance of these fluids were, in accordance to his theory, responsible for the health and disease of humans. Treating illnesses was directly correlated to balancing these humours by the use of drugs in an effort to influence the body to expel or produce a specific …show more content…
He was a renowned philosopher who rooted his studies in the phenomena found in natural science. Although not considered a physician, he was extremely influential on the future of medicine due to his influence as a mentor on Alexander the Great. Since the dissection of humans was still illegal his research was based around the dissection and vivisection of animals, establishing the foundation for comparative anatomy. He employed systematic observations of animal anatomy to speculate the function and placement of internal organs in humans. Through these procedures he was able to develop a more complete and accurate understanding of many individual organs and the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems. However, his errors stemmed from the lack of research on the actual human body, since his theories were ultimately based on external examinations. Much like Hippocrates, Aristotle understood the importance of anatomy in respects to medicine as a whole. His devotion and interest in the subject would indirectly become responsible for its residence in the culture of Alexandria, who would further propel the

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