Production Technology And Information Systems: The Challenges Of Control Systems

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Nowadays control systems provide very detailed information about the underlying production process. This information is further used by Business Intelligence systems, which are localised on the Enterprise level. From other side, decisions taken on the business level have to be executed by control systems. Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) are service-oriented interfaces that join these two worlds. The classical MES are defined by a static hierarchy of services and data structures, which makes them very difficult to modify. The change of the production model from mass manufacturing to customised manufacturing and short-series production presents new challenges to MES [1]. The emergence of the concept of Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) enforces …show more content…
In addition, the manual actions performed by operators were more stable and the final results more repeatable. In the case of short series manufacturing, the production technology is often changed, production tools have to be adjusted to specific products and the process organisation must follow these changes in order to avoid or reduce losses resulting from non-productive time gaps [2]. Moreover, time-to-market and product development time have become critical aspects of innovation processes. In such a case, the benefits from MES that support manufacturing can be far more important for enterprises than in the case of mass production. CPS improve the availability of information about the progress of production process that is required by MES. On the other hand, MES can help CPS in the planning and the organisation of the manufacturing. A proper cooperation between MES and the CPS is particularly important in the case of short series …show more content…
They deploy embedded cyber capabilities and join them with the physical world, including humans, infrastructure and platforms, which transform interactions with the physical world. In the case of MES dedicated for short-series production, there are also different kinds of actors. Human users such as production managers, the staff involved in production optimisation, the logistic team or quality managers are interested in fast and precise information about production progress, realisation of orders and possible production problems. Other actors are production facilities such as machinery and equipment, which need the information necessary for the effective realisation of the production process and the proper validation of the created products. The products themselves are also active participants in the system since they collect valuable information about the actual production parameters that can affect product utilisation and its future

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