20th Century Texas

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The growing pains in Texas during the late 19th and early 20th centuries due to expansion and modernization affect everyone. The rapid changes in Texas created chaos and prosperity for the people on the land. The swift changes caused people to face economic, social, political, and demographic issues differently and some faced with more difficult issues than others were. The demographics of the state experience great change because many were created in the cities. The people had to move in order to make a living and many continued to move in hopes to find better jobs where they went. Mexicans/Tejanos looking for jobs would move from Mexico to Texas in hopes for a better paying job, but many found low paying employment for back braking labor. …show more content…
During this era, there was an increased labor demand in the industrial work force. The factories during these times were migratory “meaning that the owners had little capital invested and they could easily more from one community, source of raw material, or market to another” (De La Teja, Texas, 313). The African Americans, who had recently gained their freedom after the Civil War, mostly worked on the farms they were slaves on as sharecroppers or tenant farmers. Many of which would amount a great deal of debt. Some would move to the cities to find employment in factors or with railroad companies. The railroads created a huge boost to the economy. They created jobs in all industries they affected. They opened up jobs in the oil, lumber, steel, and railroad industries to get products out much faster. African Americans faced serious discrimination and would not make much money or be rejected for the job. Mexicans/Tejanos often were cowboys on farms taking the cattle on their drives, sharecroppers, or tenant farmers. By 1880, tenant farmers operated on 37 percent of Texas farms (De la Teja, Texas, 339). Most of the jobs were back breaking labor for little pay. They moved to cities like African Americans, but found little success. They worked in Smelters, steel mills, lumber mills, anything that would pay. If jobs were hard to come by, they would just move to the next city to start …show more content…
Some men were able to run and be elected for office, and the men were able to cast their votes. They were a big part of demographics in the southern states. Although this does not last very long. The southern Democrats regain power throughout the south and pass laws to ensure that African Americans males cannot vote. Mexicans were moving to Texas due to better pay and war in Mexico. Many of the Mexicans more into southern Texas along the border. They newly arrived Mexicans, and the long time Tejanos were treated as if they were African Americans as well. They were in fear of being harassed and lynched. Governor Hogg looked to reform Texas, calling the people who would lynch others “bands of murders who had no respect for constitutional guarantees” (De La Teja, Texas,

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