Problems Associated With Down Syndrome Essay

777 Words Nov 17th, 2016 4 Pages
Due to the nature of the condition, individuals with Down syndrome face tremendous difficulties with hearing. Down syndrome occurs due to an extra copy of the twenty-first chromosome causing intellectual and developmental delays as well as abnormal physical characteristics. The etiology of this disorder is genetic due to the addition of the extra chromosome, however causes of this additional chromosome are unknown. Down syndrome affects both sexes and is present from birth. With the highly complex nature of the hearing process, the physical characteristics of individuals with Down syndrome cause many challenges associated with the hearing process. The following paper will discuss specifically the difficulties individuals with Down syndrome face with hearing, the assessments that are done to identify these hearing problems and the way in which these hearing difficulties are treated.
The physical characteristics of a Down syndrome individual play a profound role in the auditory difficulties that they experience. This is due to the presence of significantly smaller ear canals, excessive production of earwax and higher incidences of otitis media, which is the inflammation and infection of the middle ear, causing the buildup of pressure and a disruption in hearing. Glue ear is also a common occurrence, particularly in children with Down syndrome. Glue ear is caused by the ineffective drainage of the middle ear due to the narrow pathway in the eustachian tubes. The additional…

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