In which the authors collected data from bibliographic databases (PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar) and used that data to perform a systematic review to find a correlation between mental disorders (specifically depression, anxiety, stress and self-esteem) and problematic smart phone use.
The research design was a systemic review which lead to a meta-analysis and synthesis of sufficient studies over the relationship between problematic smart phone use and mental disorders. The researchers did not state a hypothesis but intended to create an overall conclusion of …show more content…
Additionally, to have a sound meta-analysis it leaves little to no room for violations in procedure even with small errors, results can be misleadingly skewed.
Another problem with systematic review is that it suffers from a publication bias where most studies published show a positive results and negatives results can commonly go unpublished. Search bias can also have an effect on the results if certain keys words were overlooked in this study the key words used for the search were “cellular phone,” “cell phone,” mobile device,” and “mobile phone,” in combination with using “and” with additional terms such as “problem use,” “compensatory use,” “addiction,” “internet addiction,” and “smartphone addiction.” Advantages of using systemic review and meta-analysis are the ability to gather numerus sources through literature and allows researchers to critically review and combine results of similar studies.
The main advantage is its greater numbers of observations and statistical power and effective application of such tends to improve estimates of the association between problematic smartphone use and