Personality Characteristics On Prisoner's Dilemma Game

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Question 1 Anggiat Bright Sitorus 712214
The purpose of utilizing four different personality characteristics on Prisoner’s Dilemma game is to elucidate cooperative behavior against competitive behavior. The research question is: to what extent does personality have an impact on the behavior of people in the Prisoner’s Dilemma game?
Locus of control, self-monitoring, type-A’s behavior and sensation seeking are the main focus of personality characteristics in this experiment. The personality characteristics satisfy the criteria because they are stable, computable and applicable on (non) cooperative behavior. The researchers establish four hypotheses before starting an experiment. Firstly, the cooperative behavior is lower for a person
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Type-A is impatient and aggressive, whereas type-B is indulgent and peaceable. Lastly, the cooperative behavior is lower for an individual with low sensation than high sensation. The low sensation seekers tend to have a low tolerance and risk taking, whilst the high sensation seekers tend to demand challenges and have high effort.
Based on the outcome of the Prisoner’s Dilemma experiment, the new research question is: to what extent do ethnicity and cultural difference of individuals influence the cooperative behavior against competitive behavior in decision making? The research question from the first article is: to what extent can ethnic group and cultural differences affect cooperative and competitive behavior on a group task? (Cox & Lobel & McLeod, 1991) and the research question of the second is: to what extent do ethnic group differences have an effect on the relationship of trusting attitudes and cooperative behavior?
The research study of both articles examined and concluded a group with diversified cultures and ethnicity, are more cooperative than a group with only one culture and ethnicity. They emphasis the majority is more competitive than the minority. Consequently, not only personality, but also the ethnicity and cultural differences influence the cooperative behavior against competitive
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If individuals choose rationality, their rationality can be supported by their personality which is judgmental and introverted. Their personality is barely altered since personality cannot be separated from them. On the other hand, if they choose belief or intuition, the external factors will always influence their decision. Nevertheless, the impact can be high or low due to their personality and perception. For instance, individuals with varied culture and traditions are more cooperative to work together than the only Americans. The only Americans perceive threats from them because they are the minority which can harm their work environment (Uejio & Wrightsman, 1967). Consequently, their perception lead to an uncomfortable relationship. From that example, perception can create a potent impact on decision. That is because only Americans decided to treat individuals with varied culture and traditions as a

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