Beccari Opportional Punishment Analysis

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Beccaria established an important principle of proportionality in relation to crime and punishment that is punishment imposed upon a guilty individual should be rational and proportionated to the levels of seriousness and harms brought by the criminal behaviors (Becarria 2013, p. 12-13). As Beccaria believed ‘all individuals have freewill, rational and self-interested thoughts and manipulability’, individuals may commit criminal acts against the laws and public interests in order to pursue their best personal interests (Beccaria 2013, p. 6-7). Punishment should be imposed to serve a deterring effect to discourage any individual from performing criminal acts to obtain personal interests. Before the principle of proportional punishment was proposed by Beccaria, the purpose of punishment was simply based on retribution and taking revenge through violent means, guilty individuals had to pay the price of intentionally committed crimes rather than being prevented from committing crimes (Beccaria 2013, p.12-13). Criminals were being tortured physically and …show more content…
Due to the changes in consumption culture, alcohol production and marketing became a more profitable business, new products of alcohol are being produced to increase market share, and further diversify the consumers of alcohol products (Measham & Brain 2005, p.267-268). The introduction of ‘high-strength alcohol products, shots and mixing of alcoholic drinks’ causes increasing problems of public drunkenness and violence, as consumers get drunk more easily under high consumption speed and quantity of alcohol (Measham & Brain 2005, p.267-268). Irrational acts are frequently performed by unconscious individuals under the influence of alcohol and other drugs, consequently, there are increasing number of physical and verbal abuse in both public and private areas (Morgan & McAtamney

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