Essay on Presidential vs parliamentary systems

1249 Words Oct 2nd, 2013 5 Pages
Presidential versus parliamentary systems
Miklós Zrínyi National Defence University, Budapest, Hungary
This article is a comparison of presidential and parliamentary systems. They are the two most popular types of democratic governments. They have common and dissimilar features.
In both presidential and parliamentary systems the chief executive can be removed from office by the legislature but the way of it is different. Dissimilar feature is the election of the chief executive and the debate styles. I present the two best examples of these systems: the USA (presidentialism) and the UK (parliamentary system).
Consequently nations can choose which system they sympathise: the more classic parliamentary system
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Perhaps ironically, in England and Scotland
(since 1707 as the Kingdom of Great Britain, and since 1801 as the United Kingdom) the power of a separate executive waned to a ceremonial role and a new executive, answerable to parliament, evolved while the power of the United States’ separated executive increased. This has given rise to criticism of the United States presidency as an “imperial presidency”. Some analysts dispute the existence of an absolute separation, referring to the concept of “separate institutions sharing power”.
Although not exclusive to republics, and applied in the case of absolute monarchies, the term is often associated with republican systems in the Americas. The defining characteristic of a republican presidential system is how the executive is elected, but nearly all presidential systems share the following features.
The President does not propose bills. However, the president has the power to veto acts of the legislature and, in turn, a supermajority of legislators may act to override the veto. This practice is derived from the British tradition of royal assent in which an act of
Parliament cannot come into effect without the assent of the monarch.
The President has a fixed term of office. Elections are held at scheduled times and cannot be triggered by a vote of confidence or other such parliamentary

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