Argumentative Essay On The Atomic Bomb

Improved Essays
On July 16, 1945, Truman received news that the first ever atomic bomb was ready to be tested. This weapon was by no means just an experiment meant to store away and have in the event that conflict broke out and the US needed an effective way to protect itself from the offenders. The creation behind this weapon was solely to force Japan to surrender and allow the end of World War II. However, using it had been questionable ever since its initial creation, and especially after it had been tested for effectiveness. A weapon as powerful as the atomic bomb would cause a vast amount of death and destruction, the morality of using it was constantly questioned in different aspects. Due to the high pressure and fear of losing too many lives in a land …show more content…
During the time period of decision making, President Truman of the United States, along with Winston Churchill of Great Britain and Josef Stalin of the Soviet Union, gathered at the Potsdam Conference in Germany to discuss whether or not the bombs should be dropped. For Truman alone, it was one of the most difficult decisions of his life, due to all the consequences that may arise in the aftermath (Understanding the Decision to Drop the Bomb, 2012). Churchill also realized how heavy this choice was, knowing full well that the extraordinary power could lead to many other nations becoming interested in such weapons. However, after the matter was brought up to Stalin, it is speculated he didn’t necessarily understand the significance of the information he had been told, and he simply nodded and made arrangements for his nuclear scientist to see the US experts the following day (Houghton-Mifflin, 1953, p. 69-70). Because tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States had already been arising, Truman began to fear that Stalin would not only take interest in the weapons, but he would most likely attempt to begin experiments as well. The rivalry between the two nations most likely contributed to the overall decision, in the aspect that the United States had attempted to intimidate or impress the USSR with the newly-developed, overpowered weapon (The Manhattan Project: Making the …show more content…
This simply means that he had to consider all other aspects, but mainly focus on what was right in terms of war. Because of the conflict and fighting that had already been occurring, including the surprise bombing of Pearl Harbor a few years prior, Truman did have the justification he needed to give the order. The atomic bombs would make an end to the war much quicker, but would also provide vengeance to those of the Pearl Harbor attacks and give justice to the funding and time put into creating it. Alternatives had been brought, most suggesting that bombing a less populated area would be enough to intimidate them. However, Truman dismissed this and stated it wasn’t go to be enough to force them to surrender. “The decision to drop the bombs was ‘purely military’, meaning that it was made in order to save American lives, rather than allowing our enemies to only kill more soldiers and invade our land” (The Decision to Drop the Bomb). Truman himself even admits that over all the other aspects, putting himself in a military mindset gave view to each of the other categories on its own. Above all, Truman was only avoiding a land invasion and the mass killings of American soldiers, fearing that too many lives would be lost from both sides in that specific case. Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs was made in regards to political, controversial, cultural, and military events, but mostly to avoid

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Americans dropping of the Atomic Bomb over Japan under Harry S. Truman Name Institution Americans dropping of the Atomic Bomb over Japan under Harry S. Truman Under the rule of President Truman, USA were ready to use an atomic bomb against Japan. Various options that were suggested to the president for retaliating against Japan, but he decided on the nuclear bomb that has not been in use for a period. Truman based his decision on the past phenomenon such as “the wake of the bloody battles on Iwo and Okinawa. “The essay focuses on the primary objective of the Harry S. Truman, which is dropping the atomic bomb on Japan about the moral dilemma that the president faced.…

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    With over 200,000 casualties due to his mindset, he failed to account for the other opportunities he had to guarantee America’s success in the war. Other alternatives that could have been substituted for the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki include receiving assistance from the Soviet Union, intensifying existing war strategies and compromising on Japan’s capitulation. With all these in mind, President Truman had no right to put atomic bombs to use on the Japanese population. It is a shame that Harry Truman missed all these opportunities to end World War Two earlier than it did just because he saw it more fit to drop atomic bombs on a civilian population. This does not justify his actions though as mankind can never unseal the great magnitude of nuclear…

    • 1005 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The decision to drop the bombs was not carried out by the decision of President Truman alone. When he succeeded the Presidency after Roosevelt died, he honestly insinuated to the press that he was not confident to take the highest position of the country. Much to his surprise presumably, when he was briefly informed about the Manhattan Project. Roosevelt did not share the secret project to Truman before he died. Nevertheless, Truman’s inexperience in foreign policy, urged him to seek advice from the members of the cabinet, luminaries, and selective leaders of the United States’ allies.…

    • 1911 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During WWII there was one major discovery that not only changed history then, but also continues to change how wars are fought to this day. Yes, this discovery was the atomic bomb. Harry Truemen is credited with saying, “It’s (referring to the atomic bomb) production and its use were not lightly undertaken by this government.” To the general public this might seem like a typical wartime statement. He goes on (in document H) to say that since we had the technology we used it to decimate Japan and stop them from attacking the U.S, but is that all the bomb was used for?…

    • 1037 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    However, since Stalin knew we had been developing an impressive weapon, not only because he had spies involved in the Manhattan Project but because Truman hinted at the Potsdam Conference that we had one, he expected the United States to use it against their fellow enemies. If the U.S. chooses to delay the use of the A-bomb and the Japanese did not surrender after the Soviets entered the war, then Stalin might grow impatient and pull out troops leaving a dysfunctional relationship between the two superpowers which could give the Japanese hope and prevent a surrender at all. President Truman should not have depended on Soviet entry into the war because a very deadly invasion with massive American casualties was required to have even just a chance at a positive…

    • 1859 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Truman saw that by ending this war, it would not only save American lives, but also Europeans, Indians, Koreans, Vietnamese, and Chinese lives. In fact, according to Newman’s essay Dropping the Bomb was Necessary and Justifiable “ Harry Truman ordered the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki primarily to end the war as soon as possible and save lives”(Newman,414). However, I believe it is important to understand that it was not just Truman’s decision to drop the bomb. In fact the Interim Committee was put together for the purpose of supporting Truman with making decisions regarding the atomic bomb. In a primary document of recommendation the Interim Committee suggests the combat use of the bomb against Japan.…

    • 1359 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Atomic Bomb Dbq Essay

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages

    President Truman risked both congressional rebuke, as well as a loss of face and reputation if the bombs were not used. (Source B, Extract 2). On the other hand, the use of the atomic bomb (the existence of which the other Allied leaders were unaware of until the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, less than a month before they were used) is considered by many to have been the final straw that began the Cold War, since President Truman wanted to show the atomic bomb’s power to Stalin in a manner of the so-called atomic diplomacy (Source…

    • 1266 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The decision to use the atomic bomb posed several significant moral dilemmas for President Harry S. Truman, among these were justifications, alternatives, and complications of the situation. After Teddy Roosevelt 's death, Truman was the new president with a huge decision to make only a few months after. People felt Truman was an insecure man and poorly informed by Roosevelt until his entry to the presidency. It was months later that he learned of America’s dark secret, the Manhattan Project. There were presumably three possible alternatives available to Americans to avoid using the atomic bomb such as invasion, increasing bomb threats and blockades of Japan, and negotiating peace.…

    • 1237 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Moral Dilemma that Harry Truman Faced in Using Atomic Bomb on the Empire of Japan Introduction The ethicality of Truman’s decision to use atomic bombs on the Empire of Japan is questionable because there were alternative ways to end the war. The speed with which the second bombing occurred is also questionable, considering that it occurred only three days after the first bombing. Some analysts suggest that the emperor was not allowed ample time to analyze the impact of the atomic bomb. Truman defended his decisions suggesting that the enemies had tried to develop a similar bomb and would not have hesitated to use it.…

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the most controversial decisions in American history was Harry S. Truman’s decision to use atomic bombs on Japan during World War II. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima and killed between 70,000 and 80,000 Japanese people. After three days, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and killed 70,000 people immediately. Radiation from the bombs led to extensive damage as well. The Japanese then chose to surrender on September 2 which marked the end of the great war.…

    • 876 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Analyzing the options he was faced with and the ramifications that would have resulted from each, the safest bet that would save the most American lives and have the highest level of success for the US was to drop the atomic bomb. In terms of risk and reward there were less possible risks in terms of military lives and greater potential gain in terms of the Japanese surrendering. In response to hearing the news that there would be no invasion of Japan, a 21 year old lieutenant remembered “When the bombs dropped and news began to circulate that [the invasion of Japan] would not, after all, take place, that we would not be obliged to run up the beaches near Tokyo assault-firing while being mortared and shelled, for all the fake manliness of our facades we cried with relief and joy. We were going to live. We were going to grow up to adulthood after all.”…

    • 1244 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Decision to Drop the Bomb During the summer of 1945, things were looking pretty grim for Imperial Japan, as they were the last axis power left and had been under constant firebombing for the United States, President Truman chose to drop two atomic bombs, one on Hiroshima on August 6th and one on Nagasaki on August 9th. Since before either of the two bombs had been dropped, it has been debated whether or not it was the right decision. Truman stated that the bombs were dropped to save American lives, but many argue over the government’s other motives at the time. Many bring up valid points over why the bomb should not have been dropped and that the government public justification for dropping the bomb was based off of false information, but ultimately the motivation behind dropping the bomb, hidden by the government or not, outweighs the reasons for not dropping the bomb.…

    • 1052 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The research and development cost incurred from the Manhattan Project were high, and in need of justification. The American people were still enraged from the attack at Pearl Harbor (20) and the loss of “loved ones in the last few days and weeks of the war” (94). Up to this point, the barbarities of the Japanese people were well known more than that of the Germans, as the terrors of the Holocaust was only made known to the public after the surrender of the Nazi’s (20). The U.S. Government was also “fueling hatred” (20) among Americans by releasing information about the abuse of American prisoners by the Japanese (20. Government fueled hate, retaliation, and justification of money spent were major reasons for dropping…

    • 416 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    being President for two weeks and he had already had a significant decision to make. The bomb was first tested in Alamogordo, Mexico and was successful. In July of 1945 Harry Truman had the decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 . There are two sides to using of this bomb, the traditional and revisionist.…

    • 1233 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As it is essential to recognize that not only was Japan ready to surrender and were given no choice to modify its unconditional surrender. But also destroyed two cities which were limited in military value and had civilians out number Japanese troops, but also were destroyed simply fro power in politics between the U.S and the Soviet Union. The facts from the presidents administrators, secretary of war and even Truman’s chief of staff all stood together and stated that it was unethical, barbaric and abhorrent. Many historians have fought continuously over which was decision was right or wrong to choose, but most evidence indicates that it was the wrong thing to do morally. Furthermore, the bomb was used for several wrong reasons such as causing fear to both Soviet and Japanese governments, in order to put an end to the war and be capable of unconditionally place restrictions at both governments basically holding both countries hostage until their demands were…

    • 1429 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays