Hoover DBQ

1291 Words 6 Pages
When the Great Depression hit America in 1929, the nation sprawled into a time of immense poverty and destitution. President Hoover failed to respond effectively to the economic troubles relying on his philosophies of rugged individualism and the business cycle. While Hoover failed to take action, the nation continued its downward spiral into hardship. In 1932 Hoover lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt, who immediately took action towards the nation’s struggles. The people’s confidence in the government increased with the jobs that were created and Roosevelt’s actions, but the confidence also allowed the government to expand its power. President Roosevelt took the action that Hoover could not, ultimately changing the role of the government and further …show more content…
In 1932 unemployment rates peaked at about 12,830,000. With Roosevelt’s election the rate of unemployment decreased steadily, bottoming out at 7,700,000 and increasing again in 1937 ar 10,390,000. While it is a popular notion that Roosevelt solved the entire issue of unemployment, he only decreased the rate moderately. The rate of unemployment continued to higher than ever previously seen in history during the Roosevelt Administration, until World War II ultimately pulled America out of the depression (Doc J). Roosevelt and his administration did create many jobs and provide relief, but the overall rate of unemployment remained high throughout the 1930s. Many benefits came from government’s new role in the lives of Americans and the Great Depression. Countless programs of relief were established providing work, food, and other necessities to the people. However, this cost the government great sums of money in order to ensure such relief to America. SIx billion dollars was added to the national debt (Doc D). This money was used to help the people affected by the Great Depression in America, but did increase the amount of international debt greatly. Six billion dollars at the time was a momumental sum, yet the money did go into aiding the citizens. However, the government was warned to watch their …show more content…
In a multitude of ways the government helped the nation by boosting morale and confidence through the form of government agencies and relief, overall benefiting the people socially and culturally. In economic terms while the Roosevelt Administration did create jobs the overall entity of the unemployment issue was not resolved and only stalled, while national debt was also greatly increased. The actions taken by the Roosevelt Administration such as the establishment of new government agencies and relief programs shifted the role of the government instrumentally. Now more than ever, the government was involved in the lives of the American people as it worked to provide jobs and other necessities. The overall actions that were taken by the Roosevelt Administration addressed problems social and cultural terms, but on the level of economic terms was not as effective as widely

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