Eisenhower South Vietnam War Analysis

Great Essays
President Eisenhower inherited from former President Truman an annual military assistance program to Indochina of some 200 million dollars and they were in dire need of a plan as to what strategic measures to take to insure some stability, or safety against the communists in Indochina (Kissinger 628). Eisenhower was left with some critical decisions between the geopolitical rationale as well as the American capabilities; he was also left with decisions regarding military strategy and morale (Kissinger 628). America was now said to have inherited the responsibility of securing Indochina. Eisenhower began pushing for reform in Indochina." In May 1953, Eisenhower urged the American ambassador to France to appoint new leaders with authority to …show more content…
Kennedy viewed the war differently than Eisenhower, "To the Kennedy team, the Vietcong attacks on South Vietnam did not represent a traditional war so much as a quasi-civil conflict characterized by the relatively new phenomenon of guerrilla warfare" (Kissinger 644). This led to the Kennedy administration supporting the idea that in order for South Vietnam to be victorious they needed to become a strong nation socially, politically, economically, and militarily. “In 1961, Kennedy agreed that America should finance an increase in the size of the South Vietnamese Army from 150,000 to 170,000. He also agreed that an extra 1000 US military advisors should be sent to South Vietnam to help train the South Vietnamese Army” (John F Kennedy and Vietnam). Due to the fact the United States was involved in the Cold War during this time period, it was unethical to even consider general warfare in the terms of the Secretary of Defense. By 1962 Kennedy became aware that a significant amount of the citizens in South Vietnam now supported North Vietnam, in response to this Kennedy sent more U.S. military advisers into the country, with the number of U.S. advisers in the country now totaling 12,000. Following the rebellion of the Buddhist monks under the …show more content…
The French fall at Dien Bien Phu ended the First Indochina War. However, this was not all the foreign force that Vietnam would have to battle. The United States stepped up to keep Vietnam from becoming a communist country. The United States was against the spread of communism which Truman laid out in his policy of containment. The policy of containment stated that in order to stop the spread of communism, it was necessary to come to the aid of smaller weaker countries, and that the threat of communism spreading would not end until the Soviet Union no longer existed. China’s fall to communism was a wakeup call for the United States that communism was spreading and spreading to major countries. China’s fall to communism created the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO). Also after the French fell to Dien Bien Phu the Geneva conference was agreed to and held, this conference was significant in that the United States and Vietnam were able to come to an agreement to split Vietnam into the north and south until elections were held. The South was protected by the U.S. whereas the North was under communist rule. The domino theory was very popular among Eisenhower, Truman, and Kennedy. The domino theory stated that if one Indochina country was to fall to communism not

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Although Ho Chi Minh signed the agreement, he did not believe it was fair for him. The U.S. refused to sign this agreement but would commit to follow it. For fear that Ho Chi Minh would be successful, the U.S. would help South Vietnam establish a non-communist government by offering economic and military aid. The Geneva Conference split Vietnam which led to the creation of South Vietnam (1955). This only anchored U.S. involvement in…

    • 904 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Why did the United States find it so difficult to ends its involvement in the Vietnam War? In this essay, I will outline and explore the reasoning behind the United States involvement and withdrawal from Vietnam and why the decision to withdraw from the war, was one of great complexity. The Vietnam War was a civil war fought between the communist’s states of North Vietnam and the capitalist South. The North Vietnamese wanted to join with the south as one united communist country. Whilst the communists in the North were supported by the Soviet Union and other countries who favoured communism, the South was supported by anti-communist countries primarily, the United States.…

    • 1926 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Eisenhower was the first president involved in Vietnam War by sending military “advisors” and CIA spies into Vietnam. John F. Kennedy continued Eisenhower’s “Domino Theory” and sent more military “advisers” plus aid in the form of, sixty-five million dollars in military supplies and one-hundred and thirty-six million dollars in economic support. Lyndon B. Johnson became an “accidental” president when John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. Johnson found himself bound by Kennedy’s legacy but was unprepared for dealing with Vietnam War. Johnson sent more and more troops into Vietnam, after the incident at the Gulf of Tonkin, despite his pledge to not send any more “American boys” in.…

    • 705 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It represented a middle-ground position between détente and rollback. The reason that we lost the war was because people in Vietnam finally decided, whether they were originally forced or not, they wanted the change to communism. While the Marshall Plan is contributing to the debt that we have today, it helped us for future problems. As well as the Korean War was carried out by predominantly American forces and under the command of General Douglas MacArthur. After Vietnam and détente, President Jimmy Carter focused less on containment and more on fighting the Cold War by promoting human rights in hotspot countries.…

    • 360 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Truman wanted to aid the French in order to contain the communist spread. He believed that if the French took over the colonies would remain non communists. The tension of a communist world world still remained after the cold war. Dwight D. Eisenhower was the one who thought the relationship of the Domino Theory with Vietnam in 1954. The Domino Theory stated that if communism failed in North Vietnam, like dominos, the rest of the neighboring countries would fall to communism.…

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Earlier in his political career, Johnson believed in containment policy and the idea that if one country in a region fell to communism, the neighboring nations are likely to follow suit. As President, he felt very conscious of history and did not want to be remembered as a President who lost Southeast Asia to Communism. (Miller Center of Public Affairs, Univerity of Virginia…

    • 1019 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Us Involvement In Vietnam

    • 1267 Words
    • 5 Pages

    By international agreement, Vietnam was divided in half at the 17th parallel and Ho was allowed to have control over the Northern half while anti-Communist forces controlled the Southern half of the country. The agreement also called for elections in Vietnam, so that it would be untied under one leader. Ho was expected to win, but the United States had no desire for Vietnam to be unified under a Communist leader, and as a result, these elections were never held. The United States began providing economic and military aid to the Southern Vietnamese government that was led by Ngo Dinh Diem. However, Diem was unpopular, and many in Southern Vietnam opposed his…

    • 1267 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Truman Doctrine Dbq

    • 1755 Words
    • 8 Pages

    However, the trouble with the Soviet Union was not over yet. The U.S. shifted its focus to third world countries, where they tried to use they CIA covert missions and economic strategies in order to contain the spread of communism and acquire more allies. Especially in Latin America and the middle East, Eisenhower tried to contain the spread of communism. In order to continue containment, Eisenhower created the Eisenhower Doctrine, which promised military or economic aid to any Middle Eastern country needing help in resisting communist aggression. Meanwhile in Indochina, France had lost it holds in the territory and the Geneva Peace Accords of 1954 where it divided Vietnam into Communist-controlled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956.…

    • 1755 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the mid-1960s, the United States government felt it was necessary to increase military assistance in South Vietnam in order to protect the region from Communist North Vietnam. US officials feared that Communism would soon spread across the world without military intervention. In the eyes of the American public, the war efforts appear successful until 1968 when the Vietcong issued an attack on South Vietnam known as the Tet Offensive. Although the attack itself wasn’t very successful, it reveal to the American public that US war efforts in Vietnam weren’t going as well as the government was conveying. On January 30, 1968, during a designated ceasefire in observation of the Tet holiday, the Vietcong attacked South Vietnam.…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Why was the war being fight? Another question was why America extracted from Vietnam. The reason of this paper is to answer these two questions, and maybe add some clearness to the confusion American was experiencing. The Truman doctrine was created to stop the spread of communism and it was utilized to stop the south part of Vietnam getting to be communists like the north So America sent in cash and all the help they could to stop Vietnam…

    • 1035 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays