President Abraham Lincoln And The Era Of Reconstruction During The Civil War

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Reconstruction was a significant period of the American history that rebuilt the United States during the end of the 19th century. After the Civil War ended, this challenge was brought into the country to rebuild especially the significant problems in the South, such as slavery and rights. During the period of Reconstruction, there were divided into two presidential periods: President Abraham Lincoln and President Andrew Johnson. These two influential persons had the same purpose, which involved with restoring the South into the Union, but different thoughts and actions. Reconstruction did not only rebuild the United States, but it also brought intense struggles that led to the power of government, individual rights, and race relations in …show more content…
He certainly succeeded in slave abolishment and turned the North into free-slave states. After Lincoln became President of the United States, he planned for Reconstruction to favor a lenient and conciliatory policy toward the South, where included slave states. As his insistences, he argued that “the southern states had never officially left the Union but had merely engaged in military rebellion” (Gillon, pg.571). Then, he insisted that the ultimate authority for Reconstruction was depended on the president rather than Congress. After that Lincoln issued a Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in December 1863 for declaring that “southern states could organize new governments after 10 percent of those who had voted in 1890 pledged their loyalty to the Union and accepted the Union’s wartime acts outlawing slavery” that did not include any protection for free slaves (Gillon, pg.571). In 1864, a group of abolitionists Radical Republican decided to pass the Wade-Davis Bill, which was about the peace and slave abolishment, to quick end the war and speedily restore the country to the Union. But Lincoln denied it because he would like to run his plan carefully. However, Lincoln was assassinated at the Ford Theater in Washington on April 14, 1865 before his powerful purpose “lenient policy” had an …show more content…
Then, they sent the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution in June 1966 to define American citizenship. In this amendment, “all persons born or naturalized in the United States were citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside and were guaranteed equal protection and due process under the law” (Gillon, pg.577). However, Johnson disagreed with this amendment that extended political rights to black people. After Johnson denounced to not ratify this amendment, Congress chose to ignore him and pass the First Reconstruction Act that government did not have an authority to control the South. Once the Act was regulated, the South was divided into “five military districts, each under the command of a Union general” (Gillon, pg.578). After all, Republicans framed the Fifteenth Amendment to declare that all American people—all races, colors, or previous condition of servitude—had their own rights to vote and also their social voices. And it also “gave Congress power to enforce the amendment by appropriate legislation” (Gillon,

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