Prescription Drug Abuse : Addressing The Prevalence, Identification, And Prevention Of Drug Misuse
Addressing the Prevalence, Identification, and Prevention of Drug Misuse
Prescription drug abuse can now be classified as an epidemic (Felicilda-Reynaldo, 2014). The accessibility of medications and the willingness of prescribers to give opiates to patients are spearheading the issue. The misuse of prescription drugs is defined as taking a medication in a manner or dose other than as prescribed (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2015). Misuse can also include taking someone else’s medications, even for a valid reason, or taking a medication to feel some form of euphoria (Baird, 2011). The main classes of prescription drugs that are abused include opioids, central nervous system depressants, and stimulants (Baird, 2011). Abuse can lead to very serious consequences including loss of a job, decline in physical and mental health, and possible criminal charges. Increases in prescription drug misuse over the last 15 years are reflected in increased emergency room visits, overdose deaths associated with prescription drugs, and treatment of admissions for prescription abuse disorders (NIDA, 2015). The following paper will describe the prevalence of prescription drug abuse, including identification of sources of prescription medications, the signs and symptoms associated with prolonged use, and programs being implemented in order to restrict accessibility of prescription opiates to only patients in need.
Background and Significance
Drug abuse has been…