Essay Prescription Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Stimulants

1917 Words Dec 13th, 2016 8 Pages
The illicit use of prescription Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity stimulants is a current ongoing problem on college campuses across the United States. The increase in diagnosis of ADHD over the past 10 to 15 years among the younger generations of our society correlates with the increase in prescription stimulant use, for medical and non-medical purposes (Varga, 2012). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States has a national prevalence rate of ADHD of 7.8%, meaning more than 4.4 million children ranging from age 4 to 17 years have been medically diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity ((DeSantis, Webb & Noar, 2008). The main form of pharmacotherapy for ADHD are prescription stimulants, the most common including Adderall (amphetamine), Ritalin (methylphenidate), and Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine). Doctors have prescribed approximately 2.5 million people with stimulants, the most common being Adderall (DeSantis, 2008). These prescription stimulants are classified as Schedule II substances by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) due to their high potential for abuse, as well as both psychological and physical dependency (DeSantis, 2008). The use of these prescription stimulants in the United States ranks highest internationally. Figure 1 below is a chart listing the top 10 states with the highest volume of Adderall use from November 2011 to May 2012. Various national surveillance reports, college-based studies, as well as…

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