Predicting The Distribution Of Crime Over Space Essay

1663 Words Nov 27th, 2016 7 Pages
PREDICTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF CRIME OVER SPACE
Routine activities theory has been used to explain distributions of crime across space. Unlike the research which examines how crime rates changed in the same place over time (i.e. the United States from year to year), this type of research examines how crime rates differ across various places at the same time (i.e. different cities in the United States during a given year). Researchers have used routine activities theory to develop different ideas as to why some areas have higher crime rates than others. To do this, they examine whether the routine activities of people living in places with higher levels of crime differ from the routine activities of people living in places with lower levels of crime. For example, Messner and Blau hypothesized that routine leisure activities that take place in the household will result in lower crime rates, whereas those that take people away from their households will result in higher crime rates. To test these hypotheses, they used data from the nearly 150 largest Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States during the time period around 1980. Specifically, they hypothesized that higher levels of television viewing would be associated with lower crime rates, because routine leisure activities that take place in the household provide potential targets with a greater level of guardianship. In contrast, they hypothesized that a greater supply of sports and entertainment…

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