The Pre-War Era

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The United States experienced a moderate change in the treatment of the colonies, slavery, and women’s role in society after The Seven Years War (1756-1763). The Pre-War era lasted from the 1680 to 1756. The Post-War era lasted from from 1756 to 1776. The Seven Years War marked a moderate change in the treatment of the colonies, slavery, and the role of women in society from the Pre-War era to the Post-War era.

The Pre-War era lasted from 1680 to 1756. In 1686 Britain started the Dominion of New England. This dominion was England’s attempt at strengthening its control on the colonies by forming the northern colonies into a union called the Dominion of England. Under the Dominion, after a highly criticized act of putting down Monmouth’s Rebellion,
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After The Seven Years War, Britain was riddled with debt. The war costed £70,000,000 for the British, doubling its national debt to £140,000,000, equal to $7,900,000,000 today. In order to pay off the debt, Britain needed money, so the British passed a number of Acts that included taxes, many which targeted colonists. One of the first acts passed was the infamous Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was enacted in 1756, and exacted revenue from American colonists by requiring a British stamp on newspapers, legal documents, and commercial documents and the stamp costed money. The cost of the stamp was actually relatively small, the cost not being the real reason the colonists hated it. The strong opposition towards the act came from the reasoning that if the British could attempt to raise money in the colonies without the approval of colonial legislatures, and get away with it without resistance from the colonies, there was potential for more troublesome taxation in the future. This started the phrase, “no taxation without representation”. The Stamp Act was eventually repealed in 1766 but several more acts were passed by the British in attempt to raise revenue. The Tea Act was passed in 1773 by British parliament, which granted the East India Company a monopoly on tea in the colonies. This was done in Britain’s attempt to enforce their bailout policy on the East India Company because it had a lot of debt. The actual tax on tea came in the 1767 Townshend Revenue Act, which also placed taxes on glass, paper, oil, and lead. What angered the colonists most, was the fact that the Tea Act was the East India Company’s government powered monopoly. This led to the eventual dumping of 90,000 pounds of the East India Company’s tea into the Boston Massacre, by the Sons of Liberty, on December 16, 1773 (Module 3.1.2). Another event that put Britain under the spotlight was the Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre was a shooting on King Street in Boston

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