Essay on Pre-Eclapsia and Eclampsiapregnancy

1123 Words Mar 16th, 2014 5 Pages
1

Controlling Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia in Pregnancy
Carlotta Meusa
Grand Canyon University
Introduction to Nursing Research
Dr. M. Terese Verklan
February 23rd, 2014 2
Controlling Pre-eclampsia and Eclampsia in Pregnancy
Pre-eclampsia also known as toxemia is hypertension associated with protein in the urine and is prevalent in 7 out of 100 pregnant women. Severe form of pre-eclampsia sometimes develop resulting in seizures or convulsions; this is known as eclampsia.
The blood vessels constrict during pre-eclampsia thus reducing the amount of oxygen and nutrients delivered to the fetus and can lead to low birth weight. If it is untreated, it may result in liver, lungs, and kidneys failure. It appears during the second
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Upgrading of clinical administration using locally accessible reserves for the management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia have been proven to reduce perinatal and maternal illness and fatality.

Method
The Muhimbili National Hospital serves as a referral center for the city of Dar es Salaam and the bordering coastal area. The hospital has a yearly delivery average of about 10,000 (approximately 30 daily), with about 80% being low-risk deliveries. Every month a perinatal mortality meeting is conducted with all members of the obstetrics department including nurses from the neonatal ward. Discussions are usually focused on the perinatal mortality trend as well as selected perinatal mortality cases. The work day is divided into three shifts in the labor ward, with six midwives serving in each shift. One specialist obstetrician, one consultant obstetrician and two residents (house officers) are on call every day. There is an in hospital observation period of 6–10 hours for babies and mothers who have had a normal vaginal birth and babies are administered BCG and polio vaccinations before and then discharged. Babies delivered by caesarean section (CS) or those with low Apgar score (less than7) are admitted to the neonatal ward. Socio-demographic data were collected as documented in case notes. Case files were reviewed and records compared against the standards, comprehensive information like

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