Essay on Power
Power- The concept of "power" is useful for understanding how people are able to influence each other in organizations. Power involves the capacity of one party (the "agent") to influence another party (the "target").
Authority involves the rights, obligations, and duties associated with particular positions in an organization or social system. A leader with direct authority over a target person has the right to make requests consistent with this authority, and the target person has the duty to obey.
Outcomes of Influence Attempts
One useful basis for evaluating the …show more content…
Reward power involves the potential to influence others due to one’s control over desired resources. This can include the power to give raises, bonuses, and promotions; to select people for special assignments or desirable activities; to distribute desired resources like computers, offices, parking places, or travel money. Many corporations use rewards extensively to motivate employees. At McDonald’s, for example, great status is accorded the cook who makes the fastest, highest-quality hamburgers in the country.
Coercive power, the opposite of reward power, is the potential to influence others through the administration of negative sanctions or the removal of positive events. In other words, it is the ability to control others through the fear of punishment or the loss of valued outcomes. Examples of coercive power include police giving tickets for speeding, a teacher detaining disruptive students after school, employers firing lazy workers.
Expert power is the power of knowledge. Some people can influence others through their relative expertise in particular areas. A surgeon may have influence in a hospital because others depend on her knowledge, skill, and