Essay about Poverty in Phillipine

7209 Words Jan 28th, 2014 29 Pages
SEARCA Agriculture & Development Discussion Paper Series No. 2007-1

Why Does Poverty Persist in the Philippines? Facts, Fancies, and Policies

Arsenio M. Balisacan

SOUTHEAST ASIAN REGIONAL CENTER FOR GRADUATE STUDY AND RESEARCH IN AGRICULTURE Science and education for agriculture and development

Arsenio M. Balisacan SEARCA College, Los Baños, Laguna Tel/Fax: (63) 495362290 E-mail: post@agri.searca.org

The SEARCA Agriculture and Development Discussion Paper Series aims to disseminate information on current trends or researches to inspire discussion between the author and other stakeholders in the same field of interest. SEARCA encourages readers to directly contact the author through the address provided or join the
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Between these extremes are views that consider economic growth as a necessary condition for poverty reduction and recognize that reform measures have to be put in place to enhance the participation of the poor in growth processes. Most advocates of poverty-reduction ideas, including proponents of the so-called “propoor growth,” belong to this mold, although not necessarily sharing common grounds on what, conceptually and operationally, constitutes propoor growth processes. How do these proposals/views stand in relation to evidence and policy research? What are facts and what are fancies? Given the country’s fiscal bind, what policy levers can be expected to generate high returns in terms of poverty reduction?

This paper was presented at the Whither the Philippines in the 21st Century Conference organized by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore on 13–14 July 2006.

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Why Does Poverty Persist in the Philippines? Facts, Fancies, and Policies

This paper attempts to answer these questions. It does this by examining the Philippine experience in poverty reduction from an “international” perspective. The next two sections characterize the nature, pattern, and proximate determinants of poverty reduction during the past 20 years. The fourth section examines the economy-population-poverty nexus, specifically the quantitative significance of the country’s continued rapid population growth to long-term income

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