Social Exclusion Analysis

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MULTI DIMENSIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON POVERTY AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN INDIA
Poverty and social exclusion are one of the basic and deep rooted problems of our country. Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and well-being that's considered acceptable in society. There are two different approaches to poverty: absolute poverty and relative poverty.
The concept of absolute poverty is grounded in the idea of subsistence – the basic condition that must be met in order to sustain a physically healthy existence. People who lack these fundamental requirements for human existence – such as sufficient food, shelter and clothing – are said to live in poverty.
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Individual or households whose income falls below the poverty line are said to live in poverty.
Poverty can also lead to social exclusion many a times. Social exclusion or marginalization is social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society. Social exclusion is the process in which individuals or entire communities of people are systematically blocked from (or denied full access to) various rights, opportunities and resources that are normally available to members of a different group, and which are fundamental to social integration within that particular Social exclusion (or marginalization) is social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society. It is a term used widely in Europe, and was first used in France. It is used across disciplines including education, sociology, psychology, politics and
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Social policy is concerned with promoting social cohesion, fostering networks of interdependence and maximizing people’s abilities to help themselves. Rights and responsibilities are taking on new importance – not only for those at the bottom attempting to move off welfare and into work, but also for those at the top whose wealth should not entitle them to evade civic, social and tax obligations. Critics say labor should have done more to tackle spiraling inequalities at the top. This issue is not as distant from attempts to reduce poverty as it may seem at first sight. For if the rich paid higher level of taxation, not only would they be living up to their social responsibilities, but that extra money could be used to help the poor – for example, to make more impact on reducing child poverty than the government has so far been able to achieve. In academic and political debates as well as policy making, issues surrounding social exclusion and inclusion, poverty and wealth creation and material provision and well – being look likely to be the key dilemmas for the next few

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