Poverty And Poverty In Angola

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Population: Angola’s actual population as per the census of 2014 is 24.3 million. It constitutes .28 percent of the world population and roughly means that one person out of 355 people on planet is from Angola. The population in 2016 is expected to rise by another 3.5 million and reach 27.8 million. Angola has fertility rate of 5.54 children born per woman which is one of the highest in the world. With this growth rate population of Angola is expected to triple in less than 50 years. Its percentage of female population is at 50.5% compared to that of male population of 49.5%. The sex ratio at birth in Angola stands 153rd in the world with figures of 1.03. As per the U.N. data median (average) age in Angola is 16.4 years. Ethnic
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As per the National Development Plan 2013-17 the current poverty level is projected around 34%. Government has a target of reducing the poverty level to 28% by 2017.
The social projects in Angola have benefited more than 6.7 million people and also generated 41000 jobs. All this has been possible with formulation of Social Support Fund (Fundo de Apoio Social, or FAS) that receives financial support from development partners including the World Bank, EU, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, UNDP, USAID, and three oil companies, Chevron, BP and Shell. Over the past 20 years, FAS has allocated about USD 300 million to finance more than 3 350 projects in the country. But social protection initiatives remain inadequate to alleviate poverty, particularly in rural areas.
In order to enhance flexibility and efficiency in labour markets various reforms in labour law are being made to cover issues such as minimum wage requirements, social security and the determination of employees’ contributions and benefits. According to the Ministry of Labour, the implementation of these reforms helped generate 380 465 new jobs in 2012-13, with transport, commerce, and energy and water the most dynamic generators of employment in the private sector, and education in the public
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The under-five mortality rate has reduced from 193.5 per 1 000 live births in 2010 to fewer than 164 in 2013. According to latest World Health Organisation (WHO) data The maternal mortality rate dropped to fewer than 460 deaths per 100 000 live births in 2013 from 610 in 2010, a figure well below the sub-Saharan average of 510,. However, the country is not on track to achieve MDG 6 on combating HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other diseases. The prevalence of HIV stood at 2.4% in 2014, Malaria continues to be a major health problem, accounting for an estimated 35% of overall mortality and 60% of hospital admissions among children under five. WHO and UNICEF are Angola’s main partners for scaling up malaria control. For 2014, the government and the US Agency for International Development (USAID) signed a USD 27 million programme under the US President’s Malaria Initiative. The incidence of tuberculosis is estimated at 474 per 100 000 people, well above regional average of 303. The government stepped up efforts to control tuberculosis by training 9 000 health workers. Additional initiatives include the 2009-13 partnership with USAID to fight HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, and Chevron’s USD 25 million support for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and

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