Population In Angola Essay

DEMOGRAPHICS:
Population: Angola’s actual population as per the census of 2014 is 24.3 million. It constitutes .28 percent of the world population and roughly means that one person out of 355 people on planet is from Angola. The population in 2016 is expected to rise by another 3.5 million and reach 27.8 million. Angola has fertility rate of 5.54 children born per woman which is one of the highest in the world. With this growth rate population of Angola is expected to triple in less than 50 years. Its percentage of female population is at 50.5% compared to that of male population of 49.5%. The sex ratio at birth in Angola stands 153rd in the world with figures of 1.03. As per the U.N. data median (average) age in Angola is 16.4 years. Ethnic
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As per the National Development Plan 2013-17 the current poverty level is projected around 34%. Government has a target of reducing the poverty level to 28% by 2017.
The social projects in Angola have benefited more than 6.7 million people and also generated 41000 jobs. All this has been possible with formulation of Social Support Fund (Fundo de Apoio Social, or FAS) that receives financial support from development partners including the World Bank, EU, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, UNDP, USAID, and three oil companies, Chevron, BP and Shell. Over the past 20 years, FAS has allocated about USD 300 million to finance more than 3 350 projects in the country. But social protection initiatives remain inadequate to alleviate poverty, particularly in rural areas.
In order to enhance flexibility and efficiency in labour markets various reforms in labour law are being made to cover issues such as minimum wage requirements, social security and the determination of employees’ contributions and benefits. According to the Ministry of Labour, the implementation of these reforms helped generate 380 465 new jobs in 2012-13, with transport, commerce, and energy and water the most dynamic generators of employment in the private sector, and education in the public

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