Potential Effects Of Smoking On Health Essay

1584 Words Nov 8th, 2015 null Page
Potential effects on health
According to Sullivan, Seed, and DeBellis (2007) the leading unnecessary cause of death in the United States is smoking, affecting practically every bodily organ. Smoking reduces the average life span of an individual by up to 14 years (Sullivan, Seed, & DeBellis, 2007). Lung cancer is the foremost cause of death due to smoking in the United States followed closely by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and ischemic heart disease (Sullivan, Seed, & DeBellis, 2007). The detrimental effects of smoking cigarettes also hastens the development of other atherosclerotic vascular diseases and can seriously escalate the risk of acute coronary events, especially sudden cardiac death (Fisherman, 2009). Smoking has also been revealed to increase the risk of hospitalization for heart failure, myocardial infarction and death in patients with left ventricular dysfunction (Suskin, Sheth, Negassa, & Yusuf, 2001). The risk of developing cancer, the risk of coronary artery disease or stroke, and respiratory symptoms such as cough and wheezing can be reduced through cessation of smoking (Sullivan, Seed, & DeBellis, 2007). The first major epidemiological study revealed a high correlation concerning smoking and cardiovascular disease was conducted in 1958 (Hammond & Horn, 1988). The study found that smokers have up to a 70 percent greater risk of dying from coronary artery disease (CAD) than nonsmokers (Fisherman, 2009). Cigarette smoking escalated during…

Related Documents