The case study is conducted on Brooke Shield an actress who suffers from postpartum depression, brought on after the birth of her child. Many women suffer from this illness causing them to have difficulties with bonding with their child, which in turn affects their everyday activities.
Major DSM IV -TR Postpartum depression is defined as an intense, sustained and sometimes disabling depression effecting women after the birth of a child, causing hardship on families, effecting jobs, relationships. This condition usually starts during pregnancy and last several months after a child has been born. Postpartum depression affects proximally 10-15 % of women. Women who experience this condition normal treatment would consist of medication
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This time, they chose in vitro fertilization and Brook underwent medical treatment that included hormone therapy. Treatment was successful but she miscarried. Due to great desire to have a baby the couple continued trying IVF. In 2002, after successful procedure she found out that she was pregnant. During the last month of her pregnancy her father died that was very stressful for Brook. In May 2003 the baby was born with complications and a C-section had to be done that caused a significant blood loss with Brook. She had trouble breast feeding during her stay in hospital. Upon returning home with the baby she felt exhausted and had no desire to hold the baby. This caused her to feel guilty since she expected to connect with the baby right away. She cried without knowing why and feared that she may not meet baby’s needs. She also imagined disturbing scenes of her jumping through a window. Also she had a fear of being left alone with her child. Brooke searched for medical help and started taking Paxil. When Brook felt the medication had helped she stopped taking the medication, which resulted in reccurring feelings of panic. Again she sought medical help, she started taking antidepressant drugs and visiting a therapist. Through these treatments Brook was able to start enjoying motherhood.
This case has elements that should be considered risk factors, biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components.
Biological factors Biological factors