Post-Ww2 Essay

2337 Words Nov 14th, 2012 10 Pages
THE UNITED STATES
The U.S. had emerged as the world's wealthiest and most powerful country- untouched from the horrific destruction of World War 2. The dollar was the strongest currency and foreigners flocked to invest in American companies and to buy U.S. government bonds. They played a leading economic role, as other nations needed American goods and services; transforming life in the United States itself. Many Americans prospered in the world's wealthiest economy, although some segments of the population were left to struggle. As Americans became more affluent, many moved from the cities to the suburbs and also to the states in the Southern and Southwestern parts of the country- where jobs were becoming more plentiful than in the
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The "arms race" began right after World War 2. At first, the U.S. was the only nuclear power, but by 1949, the Soviet Union also had developed nuclear weapons; both sides had developed hydrogen bombs by 1953. To reduce the threat of nuclear war, the two rival powers met at disarmament talks and reached some agreements. Living with the nuclear threat led many people in the U.S. to build fallout shelters- structures, often underground, designed to protect people from fallout (radioactive particles) in the event of a nuclear explosion. In 1961 the government launched a community fallout shelter program to create shelters in public and commercial buildings; stocked with a two-week supply of food and water for the surrounding population. Thousands of Americans built private shelters underneath their backyards; while schools conducted air-raid drills in anticipation of a nuclear attack.
The United States was instrumental in the recovery of the Western European countries. The postwar hunger, poverty, and devastation made the countries of Western Europe a breeding ground for communist ideas. To strengthen these democratic governments and get them back on their feet, the U.S. offered them a massive aid package- The Marshall Plan- a policy directed against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos; its purpose was the revival of a working economy that provides adequate

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