Essay on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder ( Ptsd )

1963 Words Sep 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
1. Introduction
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is described by the Diagnostic Statistical Manual as a psychological impairment that causes ‘significant distress’ to an individual’s ordinary interactions and functioning due to exposure to ‘actual or threatened death, serious injury or sexual violation’ (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). It is estimated that approximately 5-10% of the Australian population suffer or have suffered from PTSD at some point in their lives (Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, 2013). The traumatic events that most likely lead to a development of PTSD in the Australian population are physical assault and rape (Creamer et al., 2001). Military personnel are particularly unique in this instance in that their position inevitably exposes them to greater numbers of traumatic experiences including physical attacks, combat, threats with weapons and above all witnessing or experiencing life threatening incidents or death (McFarlane et al., 2010). This is evidenced by 90% of Australian Defence Force members having experienced at least one traumatic event throughout their lives in comparison to the 73% of an equivalent sample of the Australian population as well as 8.3% of ADF members being estimated to have experienced PTSD in comparison to 5.2% of the wider Australian population in a 12 month period (McFarlane et al., 2010). PTSD exhibits itself as sustained anxiety and maladaptive preoccupation in response to potential threats to oneself,…

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