Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

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In 1980, PTSD was first added to the third edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) by the American Psychiatric Association as stated by M.J. Friedman (2016). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of a traumatic event and has many symptoms and forms of treatment. A traumatic event can be defined as a life-threatening event such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or physical or sexual assault in adult or childhood. Examples of traumatic events include military combat, violent personal assault, being kidnapped, being taken hostage, and witnessing terrorist attacks. About 60% of men and 50% …show more content…
The alterations are defined by irritable behavior and angry outbursts from little or no reason typically expressed as verbal or physical aggression toward people or objects, reckless or self-destructive behavior, hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, problems with concentration, and sleep disturbances. This criterion develops as a form of defense to avoid getting in any other traumatic situations. Now, those suffering from this symptom are more on alert in fear of the same event or similar events occurring …show more content…
Doctors have not pinpointed the exact cause as to why some people develop PTSD. According to the Mayo Clinic, probable causes of PTSD include inherited mental and personality traits, a culmination of life experiences, and the way hormones and chemicals are regulated by the brain when responding to stress (Diseases and Conditions Post-traumatic stress disorder). Other possible causes include changes in the brain and adrenaline levels. Adrenaline levels come into play because when people are placed in dangerous situations, the body produces stress hormones such as adrenaline to trigger a reaction in the body. This reaction came to be known as the "fight or flight" reaction that helps dull pain and enhance senses. According to the article “Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD),” it has been found that people with PTSD continue to produce high amounts of adrenaline even long after the dangerous event, which can be the cause for the numbed emotions and hyperarousal some people experience with PTSD

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