Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Mental Health Case Study

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Anxiety disorders are one of the most prevalent mental health problems in the UK, with 4.7% of the population experiencing these issues, yet this disorder is still under treated and under diagnosed (Mental Health Statistics: Anxiety, 2014). A household survey of adults in the UK estimated prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) being 2.6% in men and 3.3% of women (McManus et al., 2007). It has also been found that first responders such as police and ambulance personal are more likely to be exposed to traumatic events and in turn develop PTSD.
Symptoms of PTSD:
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), diagnosis of PTSD requires exposure to an event that involved the threat of death, violence or serious injury, the exposure could be you directly witnessing the traumatic event, learning someone close to you experienced the trauma or being repeatedly exposed to graphic details of traumatic events (first responder). The DSM also states that a person must experience one or more of the following symptoms after the traumatic event: reliving the experiences of the trauma (distressing memories), upsetting
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Zhang et al (2014) conducted research into the relationship of the hippocampus and the amygdala in coal miners suffering from PTSD after surviving a gas explosion, Zhang took MRI scans of miners and a control group and found those with PTSD had significantly decreased grey matter volume in the hippocampus and amygdala, and concluded that the decrease in volume may be associated with dysfunctional emotional memory

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