Durkheimian Theory Of Suicide

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The subject of suicide is one that has been studied since the beginning of sociology. If mankind has intrinsic duty towards self-preservation, then what factors would drive an individual to self-terminate? The goal of this paper is to explore the types and demographic of suicidal individuals as well as the theories that attempt to explain what factors and settings would cause a person to take their own life.
There are three types of suicidal individuals: those who threaten suicide, those who attempt suicide, and those who complete suicide, meaning they succeed in ending their life. There are those who explicitly declare their suicidal intentions and contrary to the myth that those threaten suicide do not follow through, suicide prevention
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The theory consists of two major causes of suicide; social integration and social regulation, and too much or too little of either one can lead to suicide. Social integration relates how an individual voluntary attaches themselves to a valued group. The theory states that suicidal tendencies increase if an individual is socially isolated (egoistic suicide) because of the frustration within their live from lack of valued social support (Walker, 2009). The other side of the spectrum is altruistic suicide, which is when the individual is overly integrated and would believe that their suicide would be benefit to their social group. The second part of the theory is social regulation, which relates to the amount of control the individual feels from their social group or society in general. Anomic suicide describes how the rate of suicide increases as the individual feels an absence of social regulation or norms, which in turn leads to deviant behavior. In contrast, too much social regulation can frustrate the individual just a much and can lead to fatalistic suicide, which describes the situation where the individual feels they are trapped and taking their own life is the only way to escape. The results of a study done by A. Mitra and P. Singh (2007) found that in Kerala, India women have the highest literacy rates and educational achievements of women in the area. However, the suicide rate is also …show more content…
According to the book by Jack D. Douglas (1967), society attaches three different meanings to suicide: suicidal actions are meaningful, meaning that the acts are motive driven; something is wrong with suicidal person social situation, meaning that blame is placed on others rather than the individual; and there is something wrong with the suicidal individual, because those who take their own life are thought of psychologically

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