Essay Positivism And Its Criticisms : Auguste Comte

946 Words Nov 11th, 2016 4 Pages
Auguste Comte, the father of Positivism provides a very radical alternate approach to the Enlightenment humanist tradition. He moves away from celebrating the ‘rationality’ of the individual and believed in the scientific administered society. The involvement of State is overpowered in the Positivist tradition by Comte’s take- “Technocrats should rule the society.” But in contemporary times, Positivist attitude fails to consider and reconsider the deepest and psychological takes of individuals and communities in general. I shall in this paper unfold the very basic idea of Positivism and its critiques. I shall follow on Phenomology as a radical alternate approach to Positivism and how it is a better alternative at an individualistic/societal level.
What is positivism and why was it celebrated on its onset?
Positivism is one of the earliest grandest theories of empiricism. After the ushering in of the Enlightenment era by Kant and other major philosophers in the 1800s, Auguste Comte- a French Philosopher instigated an initiative, to revive the empirical approach after the onset of withering normativism due to industrial development and scientific answers.
As explained by John Stuart Mill, Comte believed,
“We have no knowledge of anything but Phænomena; and our knowledge of phænomena is relative, not absolute. We know not the essence, nor the real mode of production, of any fact, but only its relations to other facts in the way of succession or of similitude. These relations…

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