Pope St. John Paul II: The Second Vatican Council

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Pope John XXIII initiated the Second Vatican Council in January of 1959. This came to a suprise for many as they believed that Ecumenical Council was an outdated method for change. However, Pope John XXIII believed this would be an effective way to make doctrinal changes. This Council brought about many changes to the Mass that were significant. Four changes that were momentous were the language change, the readings change, singing during Mass, and fasting times. Before the Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II, the languange of the Mass was in Latin. The Gospel was in Latin and the epistles were in the vernacular. Once Vatican II came, the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal was established. From here on out the epistles and Gospel were to be …show more content…
John Paul II Pope St. John Paul II was argueable one of the greatest Pope’s that the Catholic faith has ever had. Born with the Polish name of Karol Wojtyla, he was Pope from 1978 to 2005. His induction at a younger age allowed for him to travel more than many Popes normally. These travels allowed him to impact other countries such as Poland and Haiti. Pope St. John Paul II also canonized more saints than any of the previous Popes combined in the last 1,000 years. In addition, as being Pope shortly after Vatican II, Pope John Paul helped to integrate the new changes into the Church tremendously. Pope St. John Paul II became Pope at the young age of 58 years old. As a result of this younger than normal age for a Pope, he was able to travel frequently around the world. During these travels, he greatly impacted many countries and even continents. However, two countries that he positively influenced the most are his home country of Poland and Haiti. His home country of Poland was facing communism and attacks from the Soviets. However, Pope St. John Paul II went to visit for nine days, inspiring the people to fight for their rights. This led to a movement of Solidarity. This anti-communist social movement was due to Pope St. John Paul II and changed the outcome of what happened to Poland, forever impacting them. Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, was ruled by a vicious dictator. John Paul condemned poverty and political violence. This as a result led to the Haitian people revolting and overthrowing their

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