Polycystic Ovary Syndrome ( Pcos ) Is A Problematic, Life Changing Disorder For Many Females

910 Words Sep 21st, 2015 4 Pages
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a problematic, life changing disorder for many females. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH) (2014) in the United States alone, PCOS affects roughly 5 million female of reproductive age. The price tag to identify and manage PCOS is about 4 billion dollars yearly (NIH, 2014).
Background Information
PCOS is a complicated disorder that involves the endocrine system. Research has shown that it is a condition that is often present in women of reproductive ages, its main cause is not fully understood, but researcher have speculated that it is mainly a result from aspects such as being overweight (obesity), increased production of insulin and genetics. Women with this disorder frequently exhibit excess androgen production, menstruation irregularities, and enlarged ovaries which contain fluid (Polycystic). Because of excessive production of androgen, Ovulation problems, acne, Hirsutism, baldness and increased obesity occur (Baldani, Skrgatic & Ougouag, 2015). Another entity that is present with PCOS is abnormally increase insulin production (Baldani et al., 2015).
Typically, symptoms of PCOS includes excessive body hair on areas such as the back, face, stomach chest, toes ( hirsutism) which normally does not occur in women. Other symptoms include difficulty conceiving, abnormal weight gain, sleep apnea, ovarian cyst, menstruation irregularities, and pelvic pain, (Baldani et al., 2015).
A definitive diagnosis of PCOS is established…

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