Politics In East Asian Politics

1573 Words 7 Pages
Researching about East Asian politics, the first step is apprehending definitions. The word “East Asian politics” means politics in East Asia and “East Asia” contents: China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. According to O’Neil Politics is “the struggle in any group for power that will give one or more persons the ability to make decisions for the larger group” (O’Neil 2010). Consequently, analyzing East Asian politics is examining the struggle for power or in other word ruling state in East Asian region that require to find out regime of each state. Communist one-party system was one of type of state’s form, which had a significant influence through out cold war era and still maintain contemporarily. Communist one-party system include two …show more content…
Enlightenment was an era of science and new ideas from seventeenth century to eighteen century, shift people from believing in religious’ dogmas to reason (Stanford 2015) Modernity, which was born after Enlightenment period, inherited human rational idea and became an era of ideologies (Schwarzmantel 1998). Socialism reflected a fruit of modernity tree when had the same principle about human reason. However, Socialism promoted collectivism: common ownership, cooperation and equality, differed from Liberalism that inclined toward individualism (Heywood 2007 b). From the ground of Socialism, Karl Marx update to Communism by depicting the road “revolution’ to gain success (Marx & Engels 1976). Lenin was the next author adapted to Orthodox Communism with the term “vanguard party” that defined the ruling party was revolutionary party with the intention of upgrading proletariat to class consciousness (Heywood 2007c). “One-party” was a result of “vanguard party” after guiding proletariat achieves victory. The party converted to leading party of Communist state. These countries used Communism as the main ideology to formulating state; “Communist one-party system” has essence of Communism that dignified collectivism than individualism: …show more content…
Referring to the relation between East Asian politics and “Communist one-party system”, the term “Communist one-party system” provide supplementary for researching politics in East Asia. To begin with, for exploring politics in on region, the first stage is comprehending history of this area. “Communist one-party system” with “Communist”- representation of Communism reflected the key of Cold War era. Cold War is the period that stated after World War II to 1990 when Berlin wall was fallen combined with the announcement of the end at CSCE Paris Conference (Heywood 2011). “Cold War” was also defined as the conflict of the two superpower Soviet Union and United State about ideology (Rowntree et al., 2012). For that reason, two spheres in bipolarity fight each other by “cold” methods: expand influence or ideology in some part of the World that create the buffer zone between US and Soviet Union. For example; in Korean War, while Soviet Union assist Northern Korea in both hard and soft tools (weapons and ideology), US affected on South Korea. China was also on the pole of Soviet Union when adopted Lenism or Orthodox Communist ideology as well as Taiwan was considered as “quasi-Leninist regime” (Huang 2009c). Secondly, “Communist one-party system” not only illustrates one period in East Asian history, but it also described the type or state’s contemporary regime. “Communist one-party system” has impact

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