Political Science 1 midterm exam Essay
Section 1: Definition of terms.
Authority: the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience. e.g.: In the presidential election, the winning party takes office without a struggle or show of military force because everyone understands the legitimacy of its newly won authority. It is important because the orders made from a government without authority will not be implemented.
Power: the political power is the ability to shape and control the political behavior of other and to lead and guide their behavior in the direction desired by the person, group, or institution wielding the political power. e.g.: If person A has political power over B, then A is able to motivate, inspire, incite, …show more content…
8. An example of majority tyranny that occurred in the United States would be: a. Jim Crow Laws b. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 c. The nineteenth amendment of 1920 d. The sixteenth amendment e. None of the above Answer: A
9. True or False: Ratification of the new Constitution was difficult because anti-federalists attacked the elite and their document as secretive and leading to tyrannical rule by the few over the many.
Answer: True 10. True or False: The New Jersey plan created a Council of Revision which would originally have the power of judicial review and could force legislative revisions to any bill. The delegates at the constitutional convention supported the council of revision and transferred its powers to the states.
Section 3: Short discussions. 2. How does authority differ from power according to lecture? From the definition, power is the ability of a person or a group to influence the beliefs and actions of other people. Power can be personal that a person gets his personal power form his personality of his expert knowledge. Power can also be legitimate or official, which this kind of power comes from a higher authority. Authority is the right given to a manager to achieve the objectives of the organization. It is a right to get something done through others and take decisions, so the manager