Political Leaders, Political Belief Systems, And Political Participation
Moh Abdul Hakim
“…people don’t believe in ideas, they believe in people who believe ideas” (Zeev W. Mankowitz)
The successes of popular political leaders like the Philippine’s Rodrigo Duterte and Indonesia’s Joko Widodo are thought to be a prominent feature of contemporary politics in emerging democracies (Karvonen, 2010; Mietzner, 2014; Sakwa, 2008). Characterized by having a relatively arbitrary and superficial affiliation with an established political party, these political personalities have been able to gain massive voting support from emotionally attached voters across and beyond socio-ideological cleavages (Oliver & Rahn, 2016, Weyland, 2001). Their abilities in building strong emotional attachments across a wide spectrum of the electorate also has been pivotal in bringing public enthusiasm back into politics, attracting many socially and politically disengaged voters to be involved in their campaign events and to turn out to the ballot box (Gidron & Bonikowski, 2013; Mudde, 2004). There are signs of similar things happening in the United States of America with the campaign of Donald Trump. These trends demonstrate the importance of affective components in political relationships, particularly in the form of emotional attachments from the electorate to political leaders.
This study concern with the…