Political Effects Of Decolonization In Algeria

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Frantz Fanon stressed that colonization and conquering of a culture or nation would result in a return of violence. This idea is exhibited in history by the brutal decolonization of nations, like Algeria. While Greece was never colonized by another country, it was under the control of many different countries within a short period of time. The powers that inhabited Greece had contrasting political views, which in turn caused political conflict and bloodshed between Greek citizens. Economic instability that was prominent during these times, still persists currently. Political tensions in Greece began during the German-Italian occupation in 1941 when an Axis collaborationist puppet government exiled and replaced the Greek government. In response …show more content…
French colonialism caused segregation within Algeria and created a race-driven social class structure. There was immense fiscal inequality and the income of a French colonist was on average seven times greater than the income of an indigenous Algerian. Besides French colonists, Kabyle Berbers also received privileged treatment including lower taxes and better education, as a result of resembling Europeans. Muslims were the most oppressed group under French rule. The Sénatus Consulte in 1865 declared that Muslim Algerians could not legally become citizens and were even considered as “subjects”. Muslims received the highest financial burden and were forced to pay fifty percent of the colony’s taxes and one-third of the central budget. French discriminatory polices led to a desire for brutal decolonization by Algerian nationalists. Algerians fought in the Second World War on behalf of the French, but continued to face random attacking by the French during this period. Tensions further intensified following the 1945 Sétif massacre in which thousands of Algerian nationalists were murdered by French authorities and colonists (Tannoury-Karam, Lecture Notes). This solidified that a peaceful solution would not be found between the Europeans and the …show more content…
The FLN Proclamation of 1954 was drafted prior to the war and stated its goal of restoring the Algerian sovereign state within the framework of Islamic principles. The Algerian War between the Algerian Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) and France persisted from 1954 until 1962. As shown in the film, Battle of Algiers, the Algerian War of Independence impacted the lives of every day citizens in Algeria, because of the bombings and mass shootings executed by the FLN. While the conflict did not originally have Cold War implications, soviet bloc nations were the first to recognize the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic, and this contributed to Algeria adapting socialist policies. In 1962, French President Charles La Gaulle signed the Évian Accords and granted Algerian independence under pressure from the United Nations. However, while this treaty liberated Algeria from the French government, France continue to maintain control over the Algerian economy and possess the rights to Algerian oil (Tannoury-Karam, Lecture Notes). There was also an influx of refugees into France as a result of Algerian independence and fear of retaliation against the Pieds-noirs

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