Practice for Children and Young People
Discuss the ideology underpinning policy and practice for children and young people and demonstrate an awareness of constructs of childhood and adolescence from either an educational or care perspective.
“The idea of belonging and membership, being part of a community, is a basic human need. It’s one of the principles of our democratic society. We all have the same needs, we want to be loved, we want to have friends, we want to feel that we are making a contribution in our families, in our communities….We learn about understanding what someone’s interests and point of view are by interacting with them. To include everyone is to open up those possibilities for learning and
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According to Maslow, every individual is born with a level of certain needs. Maslow refers these levels of needs to a hierarchy of Needs and this is often used to summarize the belief system of humanistic psychology. The basic premise behind this hierarchy is that we are born with certain needs. Without meeting these initial needs, we will not be able to continue our life and move upward on hierarchy. The needs we begin life include; psychological needs such as food, water and shelter, huitt (2007). Without proper diet and adequate rest a child’s attention may split between focusing on schoolwork and worrying about hunger. With this children will begin to lack in energy when required to participate in activities and their grades will suffer. Lack of sleep is often symptomatic of an unstable home environment, for which the solution may involve serious intervention, investing in children. Safety needs, such as needs for security and safety, huitt (2007). Children often worry about their safety and security, whereas adults only tend to think of their safety in an emergency. This category includes needs for children’s physical safety, a secure environment and emotional safety. For every child these needs are equally important at home, in school and in the neighbourhood. However, children who come from dysfunctional families, abusive environments or foster