Police Enforcement : The Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment

1014 Words Oct 20th, 2014 null Page
Many cities in the United States tend to be more crime ridden than others. Police departments are actively trying to find ways to decrease the number of crimes that occur, and possibly prevent it from ever happening by stepping up their patrols. Law Enforcement from the Federal level to the local level all use many different strategies to make an impact and lower the crime rate. Policing strategies have changed over the years due to better budgets, which increased technology and made it more readily accessible. Proactive policing is necessity in the United States today for cities to maintain safety of the Citizens. There are many strategies law enforcement uses to proactively police certain areas such as hot spot policing, crackdown policing, field interrogations, specific crime attack, preventative policing and community policing. There have been many studies done on whether proactive policing is really working; the Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment is one of those studies. In Kansas City, Missouri, the police department conducted a year-long experiment to test the traditional policing strategy. The officers were broken up into certain beats. There was a control beat where protocol was not changed and the officers patrolled as usual, a reactive beat where officers were not patrolling at random, and a proactive beat where there were three times as many officers randomly patrolling one area. (Kelling, Pate, Dieckman & Brown,1974). The Kansas City Patrol…

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