Police Department Organization Paper

614 Words Mar 14th, 2013 3 Pages
Police Department Organization Paper

01-09-2012
CJA/214
Instructor: Robert Ferrier

Police Department Organization Paper

Local police departments, including city and county agencies, represent a third level of law enforcement activity in the United States. The term local police encompass a wide variety of agencies. Municipal departments, rural sheriff’s departments, and specialized groups like campus police and transit police. There are approximately 12,700 municipal police departments and 3,100 sheriff’s departments in the United States. Every incorporated municipality in the country has the authority to create its own police force. Some very small communities hire only one officer, who fills the roles of chief,
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It is important to note that federal agencies only have the power to enforce federal laws and mandates. The Attorney General, for example, cannot simply call a governor to dictate a certain policy on the part of the state police unless a constitutional violation of some kind has occurred. Otherwise, the Tenth Amendment of the
Constitution reserves powers over local matters to the various local law enforcement agencies. Prior to September 11, two federal departments were most involved in law enforcement: the Department of Justice and the Department of the Treasury. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 reorganized many federal law enforcement agencies under the new Department of Homeland Security. Presently, the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of justice’s are the two most important government department involved with law enforcement. However, other federal departments like the Food and Drug Administration have certain law enforcement functions within their mandates. (Frank Schmalleger 2007)
In closing, law enforcement agencies across the U.S. involving local, state, or federal form levels of protection to create a safer America. With these agencies at work daily we can actually say we have a form of protection that is not match in any country in the world. Furthermore, with the federal level initiate homeland security that link all branches of law agencies together from local level all the way to federal. These new structure

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