Essay on Polarity And Nationalism Of The Great Power Wars

1020 Words Oct 18th, 2015 null Page
Polarity and Nationalism in the Great Power Wars

World Politics Paper 1
Yue Wang

War is the side-product of gregarious life. Conflicts, loathing, lust, love, primates fought each other for food and territory since ancient time and this instinct continues to be seen in the present day. The motivation of war is ambiguous, and there does not exist a universal reason which could explain every single war. Aspiration, security dilemma, self-centeredness, as what classic realism would state, wars are basically resulted from the imperfect taproot of human nature, but in the words of Hans Morgenthau, the role of nationalism is also outstandingly significant, which was proved by two world wars. On the other hand, structural realist Kenneth Waltz believes that the main concept explains wars is the distribution of capabilities. World power distribution was rearranged after World War II. Germany, Italy and Japan forfeited international prestiges and subjected to military sanctions; United Kingdom and France experienced both financial and demographic recession catastrophically, and the United States and the Soviet Union became two bipolar dominated powers. On Dec, 25, 1990, Soviet Union collapsed. Cold War ended and the unipolarity system in the eastern was broken down when China emerged expeditiously through economy thriving. The United Nations established, wars are mild, but new conflicts are also rising due to the issues of territorial claims and sovereignty in both Eastern Europe…

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