Biblical Hermeneutics Analysis

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Pneuma and Logos: The Role of the Holy Spirit in Biblical Hermeneutics, was the PhD dissertation of Dr. John W Wyckoff in the year 1990. In this dissertation, he displays a scholarly approach in portraying the integral part and as well as analyze other doctrinal perspectives that discount the need of the Holy Spirit in the interpretation of the Holy Bible.

The book has been distributed over five distinct chapters where each chapter takes a related and structured projection of the theological soundness. In its content are the historical account of the approach that many key Bible scholars had adopted in their approach and understanding of the Holy Spirit’s role in interpretation of the Bible. As a response to the question asked in the book,
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The premise on which the concept of hermeneutics has been established by Wyckoff is the undeniable importance and influence of the Holy Spirit in the interpretative process . This calls for a comprehensive approach in interpreting Biblical text. Wyckoff states:
“Hermeneutics” is generally understood to mean the art and science of interpreting and elucidating difficult texts. It includes the theory, methods, and the principles of the interpretative process.

With that said, there was also a very conspicuous lack of studies dealing with the Holy Spirit that would have established a systematic approach for hermeneutics . Even as the need for a methodology is evident, there is not a particular methodology that can be ascertained to be the way Holy Spirit interacts with the reader. Nevertheless the intent to state the message behind the Scriptural verse through exhaustive study (Exegesis) is certainly plausible in deriving a meaning within context and relational structure of the Bible. There were several attempts over the ages to contrive methodologies with many, establishing varying degree of involvement of the Holy Spirit, have been introduced. Church history and its interpretation of the scripture can be divided into three distinct
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Unlike Origen, the Antiochian teaching leaned more on the literal sense taking into context the historical aspect of Bible text. Following the pre-reformation era, there was a shift that was trending towards the grammatical and historical analysis. The book explores ideologies of Martin Luther and John Calvin where “Faith before reason” prevailed and attested to the relevance of the Holy Spirit in hermeneutics. The book states that the Post-Reformation era was influenced by Aquinas’s school of thought that reduced the Bible to a doctrinal principal. The book also exhibits a stark differentiation between the scholars whose perspective and approach could be categorized into two as “for the Holy Spirit influenced interpretation of the scripture” as well as “for the grammatical and historical evidence”. Going past this thinking, the author shows that the mid-twentieth century church scholars taking a shift to capitulate to the Alexandrian school of thought of the Holy Spirit being a well-founded aspect for Biblical

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