Plutarco Elias Calles And The Cero Rebellion

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On July 30, 1926 Plutarco Elias Calles, the President of Mexico, had a conversation with two Bishops of Mexico, Pascual Diaz and Leopoldo Ruiz. In the correspondence made by Calles he tells the Bishops: “El único camino que existe para que todas estas dificultades terminen es que el clero se someta a esa ley...” Calles is warning the clergy to submit to the Mexican Constitution or there would be dire consequences. This conversation would take place a day before the suspension of religion services. On July 31, 1926 the continuing enforcing of the Constitution by the President was the breaking point for the already turbulent relationship between the Mexican clergy and the Government. This conflict became known as the Cristero Rebellion and two …show more content…
Meyers argument is that the Cristeros was an ensemble of Mexican peasants who where not organized and just banded together to protect the Church and their families from governments oppression. Bailey argues that the Cristeros were Catholic organizations such as the “Liga” and “Asociacion Catolica de la Juventud Mexicana” who were organized troops who actually had a uniform. No matter who was the one at the forefront of the conflict it is important to note that there was more going on than just a war over religion. Cristero Rebellion stemmed from 19th -century problems between the State and the Church, which escalated in the early 20th century and resulted in the war. These findings have important implications for the broader domain of why nothing was accomplished by the …show more content…
On February 13, 1913, President Francisco Ignacio Madero is assassinated at the hands of conservative military officer General Huerta, who was not aligned with any political party. General Huerta took control of the Mexican government and declared himself President. This did not set well with Carranza and other anticlerical leaders because they thought the Church had collaborated with Huerta to overthrow President Madero’s. As a result on March 26, 1913, Carranza purposed the “Plan of Guadalupe”, to try to overthrow Huerta. Venustiano Carranza states in the plan that “General Victoriano Huerta is not recognized as President of the Republic.” Which was Carranza main point in the “Plan of Guadalupe” to take Huerta and his administration out of office, and appoint himself the new President of Mexico and bring in his

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