Plato’s Apology is a narrative of the famous speech of Socrates that is made during his trial. Instead of apologizing, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his actions. He is put on trial due to his accusations of corrupting Athens, not acknowledging the same gods as the state, and creating new gods. During his dialogue, Socrates remains very calm and speaks with honesty. He focuses on what is said rather than his manner of speech.
When he is first presented in from of the jury, Socrates asks them if they will hear him in the same dialect in which he is familiar with. Being his first court appearance, he is not accustomed to the language of the jury. Socrates spent most of his lifetime in the marketplace. This caused him to use
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He warns the jury that if he is acquitted, he will continue his practice to serve the city with wisdom. Socrates explains that he will obey the god rather than the state. “As long as I draw breath and am able, I shall not cease to practice philosophy to exhort you” (The Apology, 29d4). This quote reflects his strong sense of persistence. If Socrates shall come across a man who values wealth and honor over wisdom and truth, he will question and examine him. He shall than criticize that man for not having his priorities straight. Socrates goes on to say that this is nothing more than what the god orders him to do and his main priority is serving the god. One can infer that Socrates is stubborn when he claims that, “I never cease to rouse each and every one of you, to persuade and reproach you all day long and everywhere I find myself in your company” (The Apology, 31a1).
This overall account of Socrates’ defense brings up questions regarding human nature. Do humans naturally tend to justice or injustice? Are human’s inherently virtuous? Socrates spends his whole life trying to improve human nature. One can learn from this passage that there is much more to life than wealth and power. “Wealth does not bring about excellence, but excellence makes wealth and everything else good for men, both individually and collectively” (The Apology, 30b2). This quote depicts Socrates’ belief that as a human, our main concern in life should be wisdom, truth, and the best