Plato 's Views On Nature And Society Essay

1227 Words Aug 27th, 2015 5 Pages
Plato- Plato lived from between the years 428 and 347 B.C and was a student of Socrates whom drank the hemlock when Plato was 29. Plato created his own academy where philosophy, maths and gymnastics were taught. He was concerned with the relationship between what is eternal and immutable and with what ‘flows’, to which he applied to both nature and society.
Plato believed that everything tangible in nature flows, meaning that there are no substances that do not dissolve. He was amazed at the way all natural phenomena could be so alike, from this he concluded that it had to be because there are a limited number of forms ‘behind’ everything we see. Plato called these forms ideas and came to the conclusion that there must be a reality behind the material world which he named the world of ideas.
Plato found mathematics absorbing because mathematical states never change meaning we can have true knowledge on the states. According to Plato, man is a dual creature, we have a body that flows and that the soul existed before it inhabited the body. He believed the body consisted of three parts, the head, the chest and the abdomen with each corresponding with the soul. Reason belongs to the head, will belongs to the chest and appetite to the abdomen, and only when all three function together does one achieve virtue. Plato had a positive view on women, considering the time period in which he lived where women were inferior. This is shown through the ways he asserted that women have…

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