Essay on Plato And The Early Forms Of Sociology

831 Words Sep 16th, 2015 4 Pages
Plato and Socrates formed the early forms of Sociology, in the ways that they argued and behaved over social behavior. In 1838 Auguste Comte would go on to create the term Sociology, he is often referred to as the father of Sociology because of this fact. He also created the ‘law of three stages’. The idea bears similarity to Karl Marx’s views later on. In 1838, a young British woman named Harriet Martineau would write How to Observe Morals and Manners. This book was based on her early experiences of life in America (1837-8), and would discuss her observations of the manners and morals of American society during her time there. In 1853, she would take the work of Auguste Comte (Cours de Philosophie), translate the work, and pair it down as to be better understood by an English audience. In doing this she would go on to become the first female Sociologist.
Emile Durkheim, a Frenchman continued the study of Sociology by writing, ‘The Rules of Sociological Method’ in 1895. He expressed the idea that any observation of society must be as impartial and impersonal as is possible, for he believed that any influence that you have while observing could affect an outcome, even the smallest influences. Durkheim’s studies also focused on the study of social facts, a term he coined himself.
“A social fact is every way of acting, fixed or not, capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while…

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