Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy Essay
Plato and Aristotle helped shape the foundations of western philosophy. Their very thoughts echo through the corridors of time and they have been immortalized in the annals of academia for ever. While both philosophers agree on a number of topics, they fundamentally represent two different schools of philosophy. Plato and Aristotle have a variety of opinions of common good, social peace, and individual happiness. This paper will compare and explain the position of the philosophers on these three topics.
On the Common Good
The Form of the Good is the Form held in the highest regard by Plato. The Form of the Good is the Form that allows a trainee philosopher to reach the status of Philosopher King. It “provides knowledge for truth” and “is more prized than truth and justice”. Aristotle disagrees with Plato saying that because the Form of the Good does not explain or participate in physical events, it cannot be accounted for in human politics. This is an important background because it sets the stage for Plato’s idea of the common good and Aristotle’s response. Plato argues in the Republic that justice, understood as a virtuosity and fairness, is the groundwork for order in a state. Justice is an intrinsic good. It is in everyone’s benefit to be just because no one is harmed by being just. It would be in everyone’s advantage to be fair. Thus Plato’s concept of the common good is based on the philosophy that Justice brings righteous order and righteous order is good…