Essay on Planning Theories And Theories Of Planning

1390 Words Aug 9th, 2015 6 Pages
Planning theory developed from a range of disciplines. It borrows ideas from economics, sociology, political science, psychology and geography. From these disciplines, planning has adopted ideas which are applied to the planning process to arrive at normative prescriptions of how planning is to be done. According to Alexander, planning practice needs a theory of what planning is or should be, and theory provides scientific explanation and description of facts.

Planning used to be viewed as an urban-design tradition, where planners had tended to view and judge towns in physical and aesthetic terms. However, since 1945 several planning traditions have emerged, including blueprint planning; synoptic planning; incremental planning; mixed scanning; advocacy planning; transactive planning; radical planning; bargaining; and communicative planning, all of which are “planning traditions” to encompass what is variously referred to as planning theories, planning models, planning views, planning approaches or planning paradigms. The planning traditions discussed are the result of different perspectives in relation to social and political context and I find myself leaning towards advocacy and bargaining traditions when it comes to how I want to do planning.

Blueprint planning is a design–based tradition and it is associated with Ebenezer Howard and Patrick Gebbes; and it is concerned with the generation of fixed and end state plans, and seeks end state plans through gross…

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