Planned Change Essay

7606 Words Nov 26th, 2011 31 Pages
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CHANGE w 1 M mBRILLB AND BTBarnOIES

Session 4 Planning and implementing change
Contents
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 The need for strategy Alternative approaches Process and politics in implementing change Planning and scheduling Towards successful implementation of change

ARer you have completed this session you should be able to: appreciate the importance of an implementation strategy in change management recognize when SIS and OD may be inappropriate approaches to planning and managing change, and consider alternative approaches such as 'turnarounds' and logical incrementalism' appreciate the risks inherent in the various approaches outlined be conversant with and able to deacribe a range of planning and scheduling teehniquea to
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slight, f medium, severe). Importance Your list of implementation problems
1 2

Slight

Medium

Severe

3
4 5

6

7
8

9
10

B761

MANAGING DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE

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UNlT 11 CHANOE BUNAOEMENT SKILL3AND m O I E 8 - P

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Evidence for the importanca of a w wmes &m some American research t r a (Alexander, 1986)based on a survey of 93 companies in the Unitad States which highlights the problems encountered by American companies in implemenbing oh-. The study revealed that over halfthe eample had problem with implementing change.The ten most M n t l y occurring dMcultiea are shown in deacanding order below.

1 Implementationtook more time than waa originally allocated.
2

3
4
5

6
7
8

9 10

Msjor problems surfaced during implementationthat had not been identitled beforehand. The co-ordination of the various implementation activities waa not creative or imaginative enough. Competing activitiee and crises distracted attention from implementing the decision. Employees did not have the necemxuy skins. The training and instrueeion given to the lower level employees waa inadequate. Uncontronable factors in the environment had an adverse impact on implementation. The leadership and direction provided by departmental managers was of poor quality. Certain key implementation tZa~ke activities were not defined in and enough detail. The information systems

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