Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory

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Register to read the introduction… Piaget defines this stage as lasting "from about the age of two until about seven […] a period when the focus of development is language and speech" (Charlesworth 271). Examples of this stage is singing "Row, row, your boat," or speaking to one’s peers. However in this stage, Piaget believed that children are "unable to consider the positions of others" (Muzi 264). He named this type of viewpoint "egocentrism". Although many interpret that this term to mean selfishness, to Piaget egocentrism "relates to the mental activity that changes as the child ages and experiences social interaction" (Muzi 264). An example of egocentrism would be that the child believes it is time for him to play, while the caretaker believes it is time for him to lie down and take a …show more content…
For example, according to Piaget, language development begins when the infant lets out his first cry. In this stage the baby will cry, babble, gasp, or laugh as a way to communicate in his environment. This stage of language development is called the prenatal stage (Muzi 187). Although "biological maturity" is important in the language development of the child, scaffolding is just as important. Vygotsky defined scaffolding as "a process through which an adult supports the child’s learning, providing support as the child moves from the current developmental level to a higher level" (Charlesworth 16). An example of scaffolding would be a caretaker reading a fairy tale to a child and asking him questions about the …show more content…
Erik Erikson believed that the first emotional struggle that an infant must face is the issue of trust versus mistrust. An example of a trusting relationship would be a baby who comes from a home with parents who are nurturing, responsible, and meet the baby’s every need (Trawick-Smith 174). An example of a mistrusting relationship would be when the baby is introduced to an unfamiliar adult and separated from his parents. Fears of a stranger is known as stranger anxiety, while being separated from familiar caretakers is known as separation anxiety. Although these types of behaviors can be found in babies, they can also be found in

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