Piaget And Vygotsky Cognitive Development

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According to the California Department of Education, Cognitive Development refers to “to the process of growth and change in intellectual/mental abilities such as thinking, reasoning and understanding. It includes the acquisition and consolidation of knowledge.” It is the field in which both psychologists named Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky rose to fame. Though both theorists significantly contributed to the human understanding of the process, they differed on concept of development and how it occurs. Piaget and Vygotsky varied on the influence of the concepts: Culture, language, environmental source (stimuli) and pedagogue or agents of change.
Children are genetically endowed with particular ways of responding to their physical and social environment,
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This is why both Piaget and Vygotsky agreed that social interaction is crucial for cognitive development in children. Though both agree, both theorists’ view varies. Piaget’s view simply states that exchanging of ideas among peers help children realize others sees things differently than they themselves do and that their own perspective are not necessarily completely accurate or are logical thoughts. Therefore egocentrism diminishes, and joint critical thinking and creative play supports cognitive development through problem solving like trial and error. Vygotsky, however, sees social interaction as very important. He believes that interaction provides the very foundation of cognitive development. Peer-to-peer interactions help as children argues with each other about a variety of subject matters. It allows children to discover that there are often several ways to view the same situation. Once the child is able to internalize the acquired information, he or she then develops the ability to look at a situation from different angles on their own (independently). Intercommunication between adults and children are also extremely important as it allows children to interpret the often shared meanings and attachments an adult exemplifies to an object, event and experience. Through the mediation of these concepts, procedures and strategies by …show more content…
These cultural conversations allows a child to understand where they came from and answer questions as to how and why individuals or family members value, believe, practice and uphold the things that they do. Through knowledge construction, elaboration and organization children put together what they know and believe about the world in cohesion which contributes significantly to their cognitive development. All children have a desire to successfully adapt to their environment which includes not only their physical surroundings but also their culture and society within their live. Therefore certain logical thinking or reasoning would be nurtured and varies in kind within different cultures. Piaget say culture is universal, has no impact and remains the same within every society as children through the same four stages of development in the same order. Vygotsky on the other hand believed that culture varies and impacts a child’s intelligence significantly. Culture is the instrument, or medium by which Cognitive Develops occurs. So, Cognitive Development relies on upon the attributes of one’s societies. Intelligence is then considered to be culturally specific as to when a child is seen to execute knowledgeable behavior in one culture, he or she is not necessarily so in another culture. Vygotsky believed that every cultural development or

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